Since the beginning of 2022, inflation and its implications for the US economy have dominated the financial headlines. As prices have climbed for gasoline, groceries, and almost everything else, many investors have begun looking for more and better ways to hedge their portfolios against rising inflation, even as the Fed raises interest rates at the fastest clip in more than twenty years.
All this helps to explain why the I Series Treasury bond has been trending among some market observers. In addition to the interest rate looking more competitive, the full faith and credit backing of the US government makes these bonds among the safest of the safe. So, here are a few fundamentals you need to know about this investment that is looking better and better as inflation continues to edge upward.
How to Purchase I-Bonds
Because these bonds must be purchased directly from the US Treasury and because ownership is not transferable, there is no secondary market. This means, among other things, that you can’t hold I-Bonds in a brokerage account. There are three ways to buy and hold I-Bonds:
- Online purchase from US Treasury Direct, held in an online Treasury Direct Account. The account and online system is maintained by the Treasury Department, but it’s basically like opening a checking or savings account. Once your account is approved, you can purchase and hold the bonds in electronic form. One of the major benefits of this method is that the purchase amount is up to you; if you want to buy $87.52 in I-Bonds, you can—you aren’t limited to $25 or $50 increments as with other savings bonds. Each individual or entity is limited to $10,000 in purchases, annually.
- Paper certificates can be purchased, but only by using your federal income tax refund. You’ll need to file Form 8888 with your return to inform the IRS how much of your refund should be applied to purchasing I-Bonds. Paper certificates are limited to $5,000 per year, and the certificates are mailed to the address you have on file with the IRS.
- Payroll deduction through your employer allows you to purchase I-Bonds. For those whose employers offer this option, this can be an effective way to “pay yourself first.”
Things to Know about Series I Bonds
- You can gift I-Bonds by providing the recipient’s Social Security Number. The recipient must have a Treasury Direct account. If the recipient is a minor, the parent must have a Treasury Direct account and open a Minor Linked Account.
- The current initial interest rate for bonds issued May–October 2022 is 9.62% (see the US Treasury Direct website for the current rate). Remember, that rate is reset every six months, so it could change after the first six months you own the bond.
- The “I” in the name stands for “inflation”; Series I bonds are indexed to the Consumer Price Index (CPI), and the interest rate on the bond is adjusted for inflation every six months, but it never goes below the fixed rate at which the bond was issued, and the fixed rate never changes, according to the US Treasury Direct website. The current fixed rate is 0% (in other words, if you hold the bond to maturity, return of your principal is guaranteed). Here is a chart from the US Treasury Direct website, illustrating how the current rate on Series I bonds is calculated.
SOURCE: US Treasury Direct.gov
- The minimum holding period for I-Bonds is one year; after that, you can redeem the bond from the Treasury at any time for your face value plus accrued interest (remember: there is no secondary market). However, if you redeem the bond sooner than five years after purchase, you’ll pay a penalty equal to three months’ interest. Otherwise, the bonds mature in 30 years.
- You can defer taxes on the interest earned until redemption or maturity; I-Bond interest is exempt from state or local income taxes. You may avoid paying taxes on the interest if the proceeds from the bonds are used for certain qualified higher education expenses.
- Series I bonds may be owned by individuals, trusts, estates, corporations, partnerships, and certain other entities.
Especially with the inflation-indexed feature, US Treasury Series I bonds can be an important part of your holdings. As a fiduciary financial advisor, I specialize in helping my clients take advantage of appropriate opportunities as part of their individual financial and investing strategy. To get a free second opinion on your financial strategy for retirement or any other long-term investment goal, click here.
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